Physiotherapy techniques help to generate well-being to the human being, especially those who experience pain and movement limitations due to illnesses or accidents.
They also have a preventive and even relaxing role that makes them useful and valuable for everyone.
Techniques Used In Physiotherapy
In the physical therapy, different techniques are used to treat various ailments. These techniques are classified into two groups: Manual therapies and those that are through physical agents.
The first are developed through the use of the physiotherapist’s own hands and are: massage therapy, kinesiotherapy, orthopedic manual physiotherapy, manual methods for reducing postural behavior, analytical stretching, neurological physiotherapy, respiratory and obstetric physiotherapy, functional bandage and neuromuscular bandage and diacutaneous fibrolysis.
As for those that are through physical agents, they are: Electrotherapy and ultrasonotherapy; thermotherapy and cryotherapy; hydrotherapy; mechanotherapy and pressotherapy; and magnetotherapy and phototherapy. The techniques, methods and exercises that are applied to patients in physiotherapy generate a great impact on people’s health. They contribute to the enjoyment of the correct function of our bodies.
Among the techniques most used in physiotherapy, this occupies a special place, since it has a wide field of action, both preventive and treatment of specific diseases and illnesses.
Massage therapy is nothing more than a set of massage practices for therapeutic purposes that, among other things, can correct postures, relieve muscle pain and relax certain parts of the human body.
In the world of sports, for example, this technique is used to treat the typical muscular overloads of athletes and, at the same time, as a preventive method of injuries due to muscle weakness and / or stiffness.
It is also widely applied for lymphatic drainage and even as part of complex neuromuscular treatments.
2. Neurological Physiotherapy
This technique encompasses a set of practices aimed at treating disorders of the nervous system and increasing the well-being of those who suffer from them.
In particular, neurological physiotherapy serves to re-educate body postures , synergies and different neuromotor aspects, that is, involving neurons and movements.
This is one of the physiotherapy techniques that is especially indicated for people with brain injuries that affect movement dynamics, such as Parkinson’s disorder.
It is also recommended for the treatment of spinal cord injuries, including multiple sclerosis and other neurological syndromes identified during childhood.
It is a healing method based on the movements of the human body, both active and passive.
From a practical point of view, it consists of applying external force to produce a movement without the individual or patient performing a muscle contraction voluntarily.
Specialists apply it to improve joint mobility in people with limited motor capacity, the result of accidents or certain pathologies.
Like traditional massage therapy, kinesiotherapy is widely practiced in the world of sports, since it provides well-being and prevention to high-performance athletes, who are subjected to high levels of physical activity.
4. Analytical Stretching
It is a therapeutic maneuver that serves as a complement to treatments focused on increasing the amplitude or range of motion of certain parts of the human body, through the stretching of shortened soft tissue .
In addition to being one of the valuable physiotherapy techniques to face the classic muscle contractures, it serves to help mitigate acute illnesses caused by prolonged immobilization, deep scars or burns.
Specifically, these stretches provide the possibility of regaining elasticity, elongation and strength.