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In Sports Physiotherapy, What Do You Mean By “Sports?”

One of the many physiotherapy specialties is sports physiotherapy, which focuses on the rehabilitation, care, and prevention of amateur and professional athletes, as well as providing guidelines for patients who engage in physical activity and want to do so in a healthy manner.

Athletes’ musculoskeletal injuries will be treated with sports physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy For Athletes: A Vision

We’ll go over the definition of sports physiotherapy before going over the main goals of the discipline.

Reduce the time it takes to recover. This can only be accomplished by thoroughly understanding the patient’s specific pathology and physiological limits, as well as the joints and surrounding structures of the injured area. To speed up regeneration, the physiotherapist will use techniques such as electrical stimulation and ultrasound to help stimulate the tissue more quickly.

Prepare the body for training by adjusting its metabolism. To begin training for any sport, you must first ensure that your musculoskeletal system is in peak condition in order to reap the most benefits.

Limit your exposure to danger by avoiding risk factors. We must exercise correctly if we are to reduce the likelihood of suffering an injury and its most common symptoms.

Take a look at the situation and make an assessment. Knowing when to allow a patient to return to sports reduces the risk of future relapses.

Prevent injuries by taking the necessary precautions. While this is a critical role of the sports physiotherapist, few people are aware of it. By working with a medical professional, athletes can stay healthy and avoid injury.

Enhance the quality of one’s life. The role of the physiotherapist can help the athlete patient’s quality of life improve in middle-aged people who continue to participate in sports.

Physiotherapy for athletes has a wide range of goals and applications, as can be seen from this branch of the profession. There are numerous techniques that can be used to achieve these goals; the choice will be made based on the type of injury, its severity, and the patient’s requirements.

Exercises like proprioception, segmental stabilisation, and kinesiotaping are all well-known techniques in sports physiotherapy. Electrotherapy and thermotherapy are also well-known.

Sports physical therapy can treat a wide range of injuries and ailments.

Sports physiotherapy is necessary for anyone who has been injured, as we all know. Athletes who train constantly, on the other hand, run a greater risk of suffering an injury to any part of their body at any point in time. Soccer, tennis, hockey, track and field, basketball, rugby, cycling, and volleyball are all high-injury sports.

One of the most common sports injuries is a muscle strain, which can occur during any type of physical activity. A torn muscle is the result of excessive stretching. Muscle strains are most commonly found in the thighs, calves, groyne, lower back, and shoulder area. Calves, thighs, shoulder

Overuse can lead to stress fractures, which are a type of injury. A fracture occurs when the muscles are unable to handle the added pressure. The inside of the legs and feet are vulnerable to stress fractures. Female athletes are more likely than males to suffer an injury because of their gender.

Tendinitis is the medical term for inflammation of a tendon. Overuse of the joints is thought to be a contributing factor in this injury. Also, micro tears in muscle fibres can cause it to develop after a traumatic injury.

Whiplash is a type of neck injury that can be caused by a sudden or unexpected movement of the neck in either direction. Examples of this include tripping, falling, or being hit in the head or neck. It’s a common ailment in sports involving physical contact. There is a lot of pain and numbness in the arms when this happens because of the damage to the muscles’ soft tissues, the neck’s ligaments, and the vertebrae themselves.

An injury called a contusion occurs when a muscle is struck directly in the face. Swelling and bruising are more likely in the area where the injury occurred because of the greater force of the blow.

Over-the-head movement causes shoulder impingement, which results in pain. It is necessary to maintain high levels of muscle control when performing repetitive, concentric, and eccentric movements in order to keep the shoulder joint stable. Sports physiotherapy ensures that athletes receive proper treatment in order to improve their muscles’, ligaments’, and tendons’ flexibility.

Injuries to the elbow tendons, commonly known as tennis elbow, can occur while playing tennis. Serving and forehanding cause overuse and overload.

Tennis players who use a relaxed grip, rotate their palm upward, and quickly turn their wrist to hit a topspin are at risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome.

Falling on an outstretched arm can cause a wrist sprain, but it can also cause wrist fractures and shoulder dislocations. Wrist sprains and strains happen when the wrist is moved in an unusual way, suddenly bent, or hit hard. They may be uncomfortable to move because they are hot, painful, and swollen.

When the ankle is twisted or flexed in an unnatural way, the ligament that supports the joint can be torn, resulting in an ankle sprain. Soccer players who kick the ball with the top of their foot are at risk of lateral ankle sprains.

Physiotherapy Treatments To Relieve Pain

5 physiotherapy treatments to relieve pain

It was the prospect of having to stop cooking that prompted me to try physiotherapy. My hands and wrists were aching since my school years, which I had spent furiously taking notes and typing on the computer.

She Can Treat The Knees

Last year, researchers at the University of Western Ontario published a major study showing that physiotherapy , combined with medication, was just as effective as arthroscopy in treating osteoarthritis of identifying the cause, such as muscle tension around the knee, and treating it with exercise or stretching. “We first do a biomechanical assessment during which we examine all the possible causes: muscle tension, weakness and varying degrees of mobility in the joint,” explains Greg Alcock, physiotherapist ” good at assessing general posture, while surgeons will only look at the diseased joint,” adds Robert Litchfield.

She Teaches Breathing Techniques

Because it addresses the human body as a whole and not just the skeletal-muscular system, physiotherapy also looks at problems with the autonomic nervous system, that is, the system of muscles and involuntary nerves that regulate organs . People with asthma or sleep apnea, for example, may be treated by cardiovascular physiotherapists, who use breathing exercises’ sometimes as simple as blowing a balloon – or focus on improving mobility. chest and neck muscles through stretching and weight training programs.

It Can Relieve Pelvic Floor Disorders

Pelvic floor disorders, which occur when muscles in this region contract, shorten, or become spastic after pregnancy, childbirth, or surgery to the abdomen, is one area of ​​the practice that is developing. faster. “The muscles of the pelvic floor are involved in sexual function, as well as those of the bladder and intestines, in addition to supporting the spine and abdominal organs”, a massage technique called “trigger point therapy” given directly to the affected pelvic muscle to relieve the spasm. She also teaches her clients core strength and relaxation exercises borrowed from Pilates.

It Helps Fight Obesity

Another emerging sector, lifestyle physiotherapy employs disease prevention and chronic pain management techniques. Winnipeg physiotherapist Lia Arniel often works collegially with physicians to treat obese patients, including making exercise easier . “We inform them of the physical impact that their weight has on their skeletal-muscular system, which supports the whole body,” she explains. In addition to treating problems such as knee pain and tendonitis using conventional techniques, physiotherapists develop personalized exercise programs that protect vulnerable joints.. Something as simple as helping a patient with sedentary habits choose the right pair of shoes for their needs can help them become more active. The same principles can be applied to elderly patients or patients suffering from the effects of chemotherapy in order to help them regain their mobility.

It Can Help Relieve Chronic Pain

To relieve chronic pain, physiotherapists use programs to strengthen the muscles around the painful joint. In a study of women with osteoporosis whose chronic pain resulted from compression fractures, Danish researchers observed that they experienced significantly less pain, took less medication and reported a much better quality of life. at the end of a 10-week program aimed at improving their balance and stabilizing their spine.

It Can Relieve Back Pain

Poor posture, muscle tension, or arthritis can cause back pain. Treatment will depend on the nature of the problem, but a number of common principles apply. Paul VanWiechen, director of the exercise physiology program at the Cleveland Clinic Canada in Toronto, recommends a three-fold approach: weight monitoring (to decrease stress on the joints), strength training (to improve mobility and decrease the risk of relapses. ) and muscle reprogramming. It involves changing the way muscles coordinate in a given area of ​​the body, usually through a series of dynamic exercises.. It is much less effective to reinforce two or three of them than to relearn the 24 to work intelligently together. “

For the majority of problems, stretching and strength training at home is essential. This is where physiotherapy risks losing players. “A lot of my clients would like their problem resolved yesterday,” says Karen Orlando, physiotherapist in Toronto and owner of ProCare Rehabilitation.

When I was tempted to skip my exercises, I reminded myself that the effort and money I invested could help prevent more expensive and longer interventions . This is something our politicians should keep in mind: the potential of physiotherapy to help an aging population stay mobile and healthy is increasingly relevant.

Other Important Therapies

  1. Orthopedic Manual Physiotherapy

There are many types of injuries physical therapists face, including musculoskeletal injuries, impacting the hips, shoulders, knees, neck, or back, causing pain and limited movement.

Precisely, this orthopedic technique is aimed at treating people who suffer from this type of injury, regardless of age and the causes of them

Another interesting aspect is that, through touch and the maneuvers typical of orthopedic physiotherapy, it is possible to diagnose new injuries or learn more about the characteristics of those already diagnosed, which is the starting point of a solid corrective and curative treatment. .

  1. Respiratory Physiotherapy

It encompasses multiple procedures that seek to eliminate airway obstructions caused by neuromuscular diseases such as dystrophies.

Once they fulfill the function of unblocking, these practices improve the functioning of the muscles that make up the respiratory system, which allow gas exchange and respiration.

This physiotherapy technique also serves to re-educate the breathing dynamics of people who have required medical interventions or who have experienced limitations as a result of a certain pathology.

  1. Hydrotherapy

This is one of the physiotherapy techniques that is performed using physical agents.

Specifically, it consists of using water as a therapeutic method , reducing muscle pain and inflammation and contributing to the dilation of blood vessels, which has a relaxing effect.

In turn, hydrotherapy is made up of two main practices: hydrokinesitherapy (execution of exercises in water) and thalassotherapy (use of the marine environment and climate).

  1.  Bandage: Functional And Neuromuscular

The functional bandage is one in which adhesive strips (elastic or not) are placed on the affected areas of the body, through which certain movements are limited without completely eliminating the motor capacity of people.

It is used to recover injured structures in a more accelerated way and also to prevent injuries from advancing to a greater degree.

Meanwhile, the neuromuscular bandage is carried out by means of cotton tapes together with acrylic adhesives that immobilize the muscles from the areas in which they are born until their insertion.

This practice is applied to limit pain, reduce inflammation, and help recover from acute damage .

Well! You already know what the main physiotherapy techniques are and what they are about.

If you are passionate about helping others and understand how valuable and useful these maneuvers are, you can choose to study the Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy career .

Thanks to this degree you will know and master all these techniques and many other practices to provide well-being, prevent injuries and treat different illnesses that affect the body, movement and quality of life.

The importance of physiotherapy lies in the fact that each year, millions of people suffer an injury or have a surgical procedure and the treatment that the body needs for these situations is physiotherapy.

A good physiotherapist will be able to identify what type of injury you have or what impact the surgery generated on the patient’s body, therefore, they will know which physiotherapy program is the most convenient.

Learn About 8 Of The Most Used Techniques In Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy techniques help to generate well-being to the human being, especially those who experience pain and movement limitations due to illnesses or accidents.

They also have a preventive and even relaxing role that makes them useful and valuable for everyone.

Techniques Used In Physiotherapy

In the physical therapy, different techniques are used to treat various ailments. These techniques are classified into two groups: Manual therapies and those that are through physical agents.

The first are developed through the use of the physiotherapist’s own hands and are: massage therapy, kinesiotherapy, orthopedic manual physiotherapy, manual methods for reducing postural behavior, analytical stretching, neurological physiotherapy, respiratory and obstetric physiotherapy, functional bandage and neuromuscular bandage and diacutaneous fibrolysis.

As for those that are through physical agents, they are: Electrotherapy and ultrasonotherapy; thermotherapy and cryotherapy; hydrotherapy; mechanotherapy and pressotherapy; and magnetotherapy and phototherapy. The techniques, methods and exercises that are applied to patients in physiotherapy generate a great impact on people’s health. They contribute to the enjoyment of the correct function of our bodies.

1. Massotherapy

Among the techniques most used in physiotherapy, this occupies a special place, since it has a wide field of action, both preventive and treatment of specific diseases and illnesses.

Massage therapy is nothing more than a set of massage practices for therapeutic purposes that, among other things, can correct postures, relieve muscle pain and relax certain parts of the human body.

In the world of sports, for example, this technique is used to treat the typical muscular overloads of athletes and, at the same time, as a preventive method of injuries due to muscle weakness and / or stiffness.

It is also widely applied for lymphatic drainage and even as part of complex neuromuscular treatments.

2. Neurological Physiotherapy

This technique encompasses a set of practices aimed at treating disorders of the nervous system and increasing the well-being of those who suffer from them.

In particular, neurological physiotherapy serves to re-educate body postures , synergies and different neuromotor aspects, that is, involving neurons and movements.

This is one of the physiotherapy techniques that is especially indicated for people with brain injuries that affect movement dynamics, such as Parkinson’s disorder.

It is also recommended for the treatment of spinal cord injuries, including multiple sclerosis and other neurological syndromes identified during childhood.

3. Kinesitherapy

It is a healing method based on the movements of the human body, both active and passive.

From a practical point of view, it consists of applying external force to produce a movement without the individual or patient performing a muscle contraction voluntarily.

Specialists apply it to improve joint mobility in people with limited motor capacity, the result of accidents or certain pathologies.

Like traditional massage therapy, kinesiotherapy is widely practiced in the world of sports, since it provides well-being and prevention to high-performance athletes, who are subjected to high levels of physical activity.

4. Analytical Stretching

It is a therapeutic maneuver that serves as a complement to treatments focused on increasing the amplitude or range of motion of certain parts of the human body, through the stretching of shortened soft tissue .

In addition to being one of the valuable physiotherapy techniques to face the classic muscle contractures, it serves to help mitigate acute illnesses caused by prolonged immobilization, deep scars or burns.

Specifically, these stretches provide the possibility of regaining elasticity, elongation and strength.

Health Benefits Of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy, beyond restoring mobility, helps improve a person’s quality of life, reduce ailments and facilitate their independence. This profession can do wonders in completely changing an individual’s look, helping them feel full and able to fend for themselves.

With time, dedication, and effort, physical therapy helps patients find relief from their physical problems. In addition, it offers viable options for people to lead normal and healthy lives. The benefits of this branch are many, but let’s go over some of the most important:

Reduces Or Eliminates Pain

The various therapies and exercises help reduce aches and pains caused by injuries and illnesses. Tissue mobilization and restoration allows patients to no longer experience so much discomfort when moving or performing activities. In addition, the pain is prevented from recurring.

Significantly Improves Mobility

The therapy helps to restore movement, bending and strength through personalized recovery programs. Thus, the person will be able to adapt to their condition, in order to be able to perform well and fend for themselves (walking better, lifting objects, using a prosthesis, etc.)

Speed ​​up Recovery After A Sports Injury

With specialized treatments and exercises, a person can recover from a sports injury faster. From stress fractures of a limb to sprains, physiotherapists can design a program to ensure your safe return to your sports activities.

Manage Diabetes, Heart, Lung And Vascular Conditions

Exercise and physical therapy are great for keeping people with diabetes and other heart, vascular and lung diseases under control. These people are particularly vulnerable because of their condition, as any injury can lead to serious sensory and motor dysfunctions.

However, with proper physiotherapeutic care , it is possible to avoid future complications. Physical therapy is therefore essential to a safe and effective monitoring plan. Physiotherapy is also essential for the rehabilitation of patients with heart and respiratory problems.

Different therapies can improve a person’s performance after a heart attack. They may also increase their heart rate, improve their breathing, or release fluid from their lungs. Thus, physiotherapy can bring a lot, so that these patients can achieve a good state of health.

Correct Age-Related Issues

As we age, various ailments and diseases appear. From arthritis to osteoporosis to fibromyalgia, physiotherapy can make a huge difference in improving the quality of life for older people. A good physiotherapy program can therefore preserve the mobility of our beloved elders.

It Is A Non-Drug Alternative

The various medications, which relieve pain and physical discomfort, only provide a temporary solution. However, physiotherapy is a fantastic option for directly treating the problem. Through various techniques and exercises, this specialty provides long-term remedies for a variety of ailments, injuries and illnesses without the need for so much medication.

Avoids Surgery Or Allows For Rapid Post-Operative Recovery

Doctors often recommend physical therapy before surgery to treat an injury or illness. This can be a less invasive and more effective alternative to treating the discomfort without having to perform surgery.

On the other hand, physical therapy is essential after some surgeries so that the patient can recover safely. Many surgeons refer their patients to a physiotherapist so that they correct their mistakes, or so that they definitively recover their sensory and motor capacities.

Facilitates Stroke And Stroke Rehabilitation

After a cerebrovascular episode, a stroke or any other type of attack, it is common for the person to lose their mobility and other faculties. Physiotherapy is therefore necessary for a complete recovery of these patients, as they must learn to recover the weakened parts of their body and to become independent again.

Helps To Have An Optimal Sleep Cycle

It is clear that dealing with constant pain is exhausting, both physically and mentally. People who suffer from motor or sensory problems find it very difficult to get a good night’s sleep. Fortunately, physical therapy incorporates techniques to improve sleep hygiene.

Thus, a patient will be able to benefit from a restful sleep, which will allow him to accelerate his healing process. It is essential that the body remains rested for more effective healing. And with physiotherapy, sleep disturbances can be reduced.

Prevent Falls And Injuries

With the help of a physiotherapist, a person will be able to improve their coordination, balance, and body management to prevent falls, fractures, or other high-risk injuries. Exercises associated with equipment and assistive systems allow the patient to have a better mobility function.

Allows A Better Life

People with injuries, illnesses or disabilities can optimize their lives through physical therapy. Thus, these people will be able to lead full, independent and happy lives. Physiotherapists will teach them everything they need to help them stand upright, live their daily lives without complications, and avoid permanent damage.

Now that you know the great health benefits of physiotherapy, what are you waiting for to seek the help of a physiotherapist? If you are suffering from pain or illness, physical therapy can drastically change your life for the better, and you will achieve a healthy and satisfying physical condition!

Physiotherapy has a long history in the field of medical rehabilitation. It was even practiced long before drugs and pain relievers were in common use. Physiotherapy can do wonders for your body if you are suffering from an injury, illness, or disability.

What Is Physical Therapy

The term “masseur-physiotherapist” comes from the Greek words “massins” (to knead), “kinesis” (movement) and “therapeuein” (to heal).

The physiotherapist performs, manually or with the aid of instruments, rehabilitation and rehabilitation care aimed at preserving, restoring or supplementing the integrity, both structural and functional, of a person confronted with a trauma, illness or disability.

In France, the practice of physiotherapy requires obtaining a state paramedical diploma dispensed at the end of 4 years of training (plus 1 year of preparation). This profession is recent. Indeed, it was only after the Second World War, to treat and re-educate the war wounded that the diploma of masseur-physiotherapist was created. Later, the public health law of August 9, 2008 gave birth to the Order of physiotherapist masseurs.

If the physiotherapist treats benign ailments such as low back pain , stiff necks or sprains , he also treats trauma related to accidents or the consequences of aging. The field of application of physiotherapy is therefore very wide: neurological pathologies, trauma, rheumatic diseases, balance disorders, urinary and fecal incontinence, oncology, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, swallowing disorders, rehabilitation, etc. The physiotherapist intervenes at all ages in the lives of patients.

Physiotherapy is used for different purposes. From the ancient Greek “kinesis”, which means “movement” , to which is added “therapy”, which means the treatment of a patient, physiotherapy is therapy by movement. The main thing is to relieve the patient because he often comes to reduce pain, ” says Elodie Beltrame , sports masseur-physiotherapist. The masseur prefix then takes on its full meaning.

Manual therapy integrating into a therapeutic perspective –  “I can’t imagine not touching the patient in my practice because it allows us to understand how things” move “in him, to feel his limitations and to observe the compensations. Thanks to this, I can see if there is an evolution of the tissue qualities over the sessions ”-  physiotherapy can also be done in an instrumental way to treat patients, who all have different functions.

Caring for the patient is the basis of physiotherapy. Step by step, patients are asked if the pain has progressed and if new tensions have appeared ”.

The physiotherapist has the advantage of treating injuries without side effects. Indeed, through equipment or manual treatment, the specialist will remedy muscle or joint pain. It will help the patient to recover quickly or to rehabilitate painful muscles by means of gentle techniques, and will establish treatment priorities. “For a sprained ankle, for example, if the patient is really in pain, we will start the rehabilitation on a table, lying down or sitting down. Then, little by little, we will strengthen standing to prevent relapse of the sprain,  explains the specialist. I respect the principle “primum non nocere” which means “first, do no harm” “.

… but also preventive

But healing isn’t the only benefit of physiotherapy. It also makes it possible to act upstream of the pain, through preventive care.  I have some elderly people with whom I focus my work on maintenance, to allow them to remain active at home, but also to relax.”

Physiotherapists are ready to give advice to patients, so that they can perform certain movements independently at home, without having to come to the office. Knowing your body and its needs is essential to prevent the onset of any injury.